Bangalore Metro is also known as Namma Metro which means “Our Metro”, is a rapid transit system that serves the city of Bengaluru in India. It is the fourth-longest operational metro network in India after Delhi Metro, Hyderabad Metro, and Chennai Metro. It is the first metro rail service launched in southern India, and also includes the first underground metro line in southern India.
Overview of Bangalore Metro/Namma Metro:
The metro network consists of two color-coded lines with a total length of 42.3 km serving 40 stations. The system has a mix of underground, road level, and elevated stations using standard-gauge tracks. As of February 2020, the metro has an average daily ridership of 415,000 passengers. By 2023, the system is expected to complete its Phase 2 network and provide connectivity to the city’s important electronic hub and Whitefield.
The Bengaluru Metro Rail Corporation Limited (BMRCL) is a joint venture between the Government of India and the Karnataka State Government, which builds and operates the Namma Metro. Services run daily from 05:00 to 23:00, varying between 4–20 minutes. These trains are made up of six cars (coaches). The power output is supplied by 750 volts direct current through the third rail. The Namma Metro using 750 V DC third rail traction was the second rail transport system in India to use, first one was Kolkata Metro.
In May 2003, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC) prepared and submitted the detailed project for the first phase of the Namma Metro project to BMRCL. Construction work for Phase 1 of the project was scheduled to begin in 2005 but was delayed until February 2006 due to a change of government in Karnataka. The project was approved by the Union Cabinet on 25 April 2006.
Civil construction on the first block, the purple line between Bayappanahalli and Mahatma Gandhi Road, began on 15 April 2007. This section opened to the public on 20 April 2011. The development of the network is divided into two phases, while 2 lines in Phase 1 were completed in 2017, and Phase 2 is expected to be completed by 2020.
Bangalore Metro Phase 1 :
DMRC presented the DPR to BMRCL for Phase 1 of the Namma Metro Project in May 2003. The final approval on the plan, incorporating the expertise of DMRC and Rights Ltd, did not come until April 2006. The DPR prepared by DMRC envisages a 33 km (21 mi) high and underground rail network with 32 stations for Phase 1 of the project. The Bangalore metro proposed gauge was a standard gauge as opposed to a broad gauge on the Delhi Metro network.
The rationale for the metro includes reduced travel time, reduced fuel use, reduced accident, and reduced pollution. (From RV Road to Yelachenahalli) In Phase I, the Phase I network thus has a length of about 42.3 km (26.3 mi), with 40 stations. The objective was to connect the Bangalore metro to the Outer Ring Road at both ends and also cover the industrial areas of Peenya to the northwest, providing better connectivity and increasing ridership. In October 2008, the Karnataka government approved the expansion, which would cost an additional ₹ 1,763 crores (the US $ 250 million).
Phase 1 of Bangalore metro consists of two lines with a length of 42.30 kilometers (26.28 mi), of which approximately 8.82 kilometers (5.48 mi) are underground and about 33.48 kilometers (20.80 mi) high. Phase I has 40 stations, of which 7 stations are underground, 1 at grade, and 32 elevated.
Bangalore Metro/Namma Metro Lines.
|East-west corridor (Purple Line)||18.10 KM ( 17 Stations )|
|North-south corridor (Green Line)||24.20 km ( 24 Stations )|
|Total Distance||42.30 km|
|Elevated section||33.48 km|
|Underground section||8.82 km|
|Traction||750 Volt dc Third Rail|
|Speed||Max 80 Kmph; Average 34Kmph|
|No. of stations||40 (33 elevated, 7 Underground)|
|Travel time||33 / 44 minutes (end to end)|
|Headway||4 minutes at start; later 3 minutes|
East-West Corridor is named Purple Line.
The first 6.7 kilometers (4.2 mi) of Purple Line between Bayappanahalli and Mahatma Gandhi Road opened at 20 stations 2011 and was the inaugural section of the Bangalore Metro/Namma Metro. The second 6.4-kilometer (4.0 mi), 6-station stretch (Reach 2) between Mysore Road and Magadi Road opened on 16 November 2015. The first underground section, a 4.8 km (3.0 mi) from Cuban Park to Bangalore City () KSR) railway station opened on 29 April 2016. It completed the 18.22 km (11.32 mi) purple line. Trains run every 10 minutes.
The North-South corridor is named Green Line
The first 9.9 kilometers (6.2 mi) of the Green Line, the 10-station stretch (Reach 3 / 3A) opened on 1 March 2014. The stretch connected Sampige Road to Peenya Industry. The second 2.5-kilometer (1.6 mi), green-line 3-station stretch (Reach 3B), operating between Peenya Industry and Nagasandra, opened on 1 May 2015. The last section connecting Sempies Road to Yelacanahalli was inaugurated on 17 June 2017, completing the entire phase 1.
The Green Line is the second line of the Bangalore Metro and connects Nagasandra in the north with Yelacanahalli in the south, covering a distance of 24.2 kilometers (15.0 mi), and serving 24 stations. It is partly elevated and partly underground. On 18 June 2017, the southern portion of the line beyond Majestic was opened to the public for commercial operations. It was inaugurated by the then President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee on 1 line March 2001 line.
Bangalore Metro Stations Map:
There are 40 stations on Namma Metro/Bangalore Metro. With a total surface area of 48,000 sq m (520,000 sq ft), the majestic station was the largest metro station in India at the time of inauguration. It was later crossed from the 70,000 sq m (750,000 sq ft) Chennai Central metro station in Chennai.
Initially, despite the demand of the passengers, the Namma metro stations did not have toilets. BMRCL sought to argue that the construction of the toilet was not part of the metro construction plan and that the construction of the toilet in the city was the responsibility of the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palik (BBMP).
He justified the decision by saying that passengers spent “barely five minutes” at the stations, so no toilet was required, and also that passengers at any of the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) bus stops in the city There was no toilet. However, BMRCL eventually took public demand into consideration, and on 21 June 2013, the first toilet of the metro was opened at the Beyappanahalli and Indiranagar stations. As of February 2017, there are 33 ATMs at Namma metro stations.
The 12 underground stations of Bangalore metro/Namma Metro built as part of the second phase of the metro are smaller in size than the first phase underground stations due to land acquisition costs in.. All Phase 1 underground stations except Chickpet and K.R were 272 meters long and 24 meters wide. Market stations that had the same width but were 240 meters long. In contrast, Phase II underground stations are less than 210 m but maintain the same width.
On 17 February 2017, Uber announced that it would open booking counters at 12 metro stations of Bangalore metro by the end of March 2017. The counters enable passengers to book Uber and target passengers who do not have access to the Internet or who do not have the Uber mobile app installed on their phones. Ola Cabs announced a similar arrangement on 22 February 2017.
Bangalore Metro Fare collection:
The MIFARE DESFire platform developed by NXP Semiconductors was chosen to manage the Automated Fare Collection (AFC) at Namma Metro. The system uses contactless smart tokens and contactless smart cards. Tokens are available for one trip only. Smart cards can be used for multiple trips. Currently, one type of smart card is available on the Namma metro named- Varshik.
The Price of Varshik Card is 50, with 50 as a user deposit. It is valid for one year from recharged and offers a 5% discount on the metro fare. The card can be recharged anytime.
BMRCL began selling tokens at Bangalore metro stations on 4 December 2012 through Automatic Ticket Vending Machines (ATVMs) at MG Road, Indiranagar, and Bayappanahalli stations. The service will eventually be extended to all metro stations. Touchscreen-enabled ATVMs are available in 3 languages - English, Kannada, and Hindi. Travelers can purchase a single travel token by selecting the amount at the destination station or ATVM.
They can also add trips to valueless or contactless smart cards. Passengers can purchase up to 8 tickets at a time and get a receipt printer for card recharge. ATVM can accept 5rs coin and 10rs coin. Currency notes of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 denominations are accepted. However, ATVM Cannot distinguish between 1rs coins and 2rs coins.
In November 2016, BMRC began accepting online payments to recharge smart cards. Tickets cannot be purchased online. Around 68% of passengers in the metro use smart tokens and 32% use smart cards.
Bangalore Metro Train Frequency
The Bangalore metro service runs between 05:00 and 23:00. The service starts at 07:00 on Sunday. There are trains every 8 minutes and every 10 minutes between 08:00 and 20:00. On weekdays, trains run at 4-minute intervals between 09:00 and 10:00. After the completion of Phase I the headline is slated over the entire system to decrease once every three minutes. The end-to-end journey time on the Purple Line is 35 minutes, and on the Green Line will be 45 minutes.
Bangalore metro services sometimes operate beyond 2300 hours. Services are usually held on festival days or when an international cricket match is held in Bangalore.
Speed of Bangalore metro/Namma Metro:
The system is designed for train speeds of up to 80 km / h (50 mph). However, the Research Design and Standards Organization (RDSO) determined that the speed at which trains are commercially 67.50 km / h (41.94 mph) decreases directly to 35 km / h (22 mph) on the straight section. , And is operated at 45 km / h (28 mph) in stations.
Laws made For Bangalore metro/Namma Metro:
Bangalore Metro Rail (Carriage and Ticket) Rules 2011 limits the weight of personal belongings to 15 kg. Rule 3 states: “No person shall carry any luggage with him while traveling in the metro railway, including any luggage other than a small bag, not containing personal belongings, including 60 cm x 45 cm x 25 cm. Size and weight of 15 kilograms, except for prior approval of metro railway only. The rules also prohibit the carrying of explosives, flammable and toxic substances.
The Bangalore Metro Railway (Operation and Maintenance) Act, 2002 provides for fines and in some cases jail sentences for offenses committed on the metro. Any person attempting to sabotage or maliciously injure a train or injure other passengers while traveling in the metro can face imprisonment of up to 10 years.
Sticking posters or make murals on the walls of stations or trains. Fines of 1,000 or imprisonment up to 6 months. Traveling in an inadequate state or causing a nuisance in a train is a fine 500 fine. Passengers are monitored at security checkpoints and those who cause trouble, are heavily intoxicated or are not allowed to carry prohibited items. Spitting on metro premises is punishable by a fine of Rs 100.
Points to remember at Namma Metro:
- Tickets are not required for children under 3 feet. No age criteria are considered.
- The automatic gate accepts one person at a time. Therefore each passenger must carry a token or smart card.
- The minimum fare will be charged to enter the station.
- The penalty for the ticketless journey or lost ticket is Rs.200 / – in addition to the maximum token fare.
- Mismatch: Automatic gates enter keeps entry/exit details in tokens / smart cards. Each entry at these gates must be followed by the proper exit through the gates on the same day. The omission of any entry or exit is termed as MISMATCH. The penalty for the mismatch is Rs 10.
- Overstay Rules: A passenger holding a valid ticket can exit the paid area of the same station within 20 minutes and from the paid area of other stations within 120 minutes. For overstaying in an area paid beyond these limits, a penalty of Rs 50 per hour is charged to a maximum of Rs 100.
- Luggage range: One Luggage stuff is allowed to an individual with a maximum dimension of 60cm x 45 cm x 25 cm (length x width x height). Permission for passengers to carry extra baggage / extra baggage and oversize luggage is at rate of fee. 30 / – per luggage is levied. This baggage ticket can be purchased from the Customer Service Center (CCC).
- Extension Rent: The add-value in the smart card will be valid for one year from the date of the last add-value. The validity extension can be done by paying an administrative fee of Rs. 20 / – at the Customer Service Center of any station.